Bitcoin mining is the process of earning bitcoins in exchange for running the verification process to validate Bitcoin transactions. These transactions provide security for the Bitcoin network, which in turn compensates miners by giving them bitcoins. Miners can profit if the price of bitcoins exceeds the cost to mine them. The recent changes in mining devices and technology and the creation of professional mining centers with enormous computing power, as well as the shifting price of bitcoin itself, has shifted the incentives and landscape for mining. Many individual miners now ask themselves: is Bitcoin mining still profitable?
There are several factors that determine whether Bitcoin mining is a profitable venture. These include the cost of electricity to power the mining machines, the availability and price of machines, and mining difficulty. Difficulty is measured in the hashes per second of the Bitcoin validation transaction. The hash rate measures the rate of solving the problem—the difficulty changes as more miners enter because the network is designed to produce a certain number of bitcoins every 10 minutes. When more miners enter the market, the difficulty increases to ensure that the number of bitcoins produced remains the same.
- Bitcoin is mined using computing rigs, which include expensive hardware.
- Miners are rewarded with Bitcoin for verifying blocks of transactions to the blockchain network.
- As more miners compete for Bitcoin rewards, the process becomes more difficult.
- To determine whether Bitcoin mining is profitable for you, consider costs of equipment and electricity as well as the difficulty associated with mining and how the price of bitcoin will affect potential rewards.